This section contains articles that look at different applications or examine various topics, which in some way or another are relevant to the low shear technologies.
Co-produced water with oil requires to be separated. Primary separation equipment remove majority of oil and solids from the produced water. However, before this water can be discharged, it has to be routed to the water treatment facilities in order to achieve the required level of purity. There are many different types of the water treating equipment used presently in the industry. Most common ones are briefly described in this article.